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How Short-Term Rentals Are Impacting Cities (Video)


Short-term rentals, particularly through platforms like Airbnb, have become a popular accommodation choice for travelers. However, their proliferation has significant consequences for urban centers. This article explores the impact of short-term rentals on cities, using Prague as a case study.

The Rise of Short-Term Rentals

Airbnb and similar services allow homeowners to rent out their properties to tourists for short periods. This concept, originally meant to provide an alternative to hotels, has evolved into a large-scale industry. In many cities, including Prague, short-term rentals have shifted from small, casual operations to industrial-scale businesses.

The Problem with Short-Term Rentals

Decrease in Long-Term Housing Availability

In Prague, a significant portion of short-term rentals are entire apartments with no long-term residents. Before COVID-19, there were between 3,500 and 5,000 Airbnb apartments in Prague’s Old Town alone, and 14,000 city-wide. This reduction in long-term rental availability creates a housing shortage, driving up prices and pushing residents out of the city center.

Economic Impact on Local Businesses

As residents move out, businesses that cater to long-term tenants, such as grocery stores and laundromats, close down. They are replaced by tourist-centric shops, creating an urban environment that is unappealing to locals. This transformation turns city centers into tourist hotspots with little to offer permanent residents.

The Vicious Cycle of Short-Term Rentals

The increase in short-term rentals leads to more tourists, which in turn creates noise and disturbances. This environment becomes unattractive to long-term tenants, prompting more people to move out. Landlords, facing empty apartments, opt for short-term rentals to maintain income, perpetuating the cycle.

COVID-19’s Temporary Impact

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of Airbnb rentals in Prague dropped to around 7,000. This decline was temporary, and the numbers are expected to return to pre-pandemic levels. The pandemic highlighted how dependent some city areas had become on tourism, with central Prague becoming almost deserted during lockdowns.

Potential Solutions

To combat the negative effects of short-term rentals, cities like Amsterdam and Barcelona have implemented regulations. Amsterdam limits short-term rentals to 30 days per year, while Barcelona has banned them in the city center. Such regulations help maintain a balance between tourism and local living conditions, ensuring city centers remain vibrant and inhabited by permanent residents.


The rise of short-term rentals has profound effects on urban centers, often turning them into tourist-centric areas at the expense of local residents. Regulating these rentals is crucial to preserving the character and livability of cities. Travelers and property owners should be aware of the broader impact of short-term rentals and consider supporting long-term housing solutions.


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